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How to prepare for the Seminar
1. Follow Exactly the order below
1. No Cut & Past
1. No text (Paragraph); Use numbers or Points
1. 10 min. Talk & 5 min. Questions
A. Viruses & Diseases: Follow the following order:
Photo for the virus showing all its parts
Morphology (Symmetry): Icosahedral or Helical, or Complex
Genome: DNA, ssDNA, RNA, dsRNA, +ssRNA, -ssRNA
Replication: Endocytosis, Fusion, TranslocationNucleus, Cytoplasm Lyses or Budding
Slide 3: Introduction
Slide 4: Pathogenesis
· Affected organ
· Signs & Symptoms
Slide 5: Transmission
· Fecal – Oral
Slide 6: Immunity (Chart showing the immune response)
Slide 7: Laboratory Diagnosis
Slide 8: Prevention and Control (Vaccine)
Slide 9: Treatment
Slide 10: References
B. Terms e.g., Current vaccines: Follow the Following Order:
Supervisor: Prof. Dr
Slide 4 – 9:
Preparation, Administration, Age, Advantages….
Slide 10: References
Abdulrahim Mutair Alamri
Supervisor : Prof. Dr. Mamdoh Harahsha
Family : Orthomyxovirus
Morphology : – Helical
Endocytosis Nucleus Budding
Avian influenza (“bird flu”) is an infectious disease of birds caused by type A strains of the influenza virus
Avian influenza viruses do not normally infect humans. However, some are zoonotic, meaning that they can infect humans and cause disease.
Droplet RT with symptoms (malaise, cough, sore throat). Secretion .
severe respiratory illness (e.g. pneumonia and respiratory failure)
Death may occur.
Direct contact with infected poultry
surfaces and objects contaminated
Directly from birds or from avian virus-contaminated environments to people
Prevention and control
Avoid sources of exposure whenever possible.
People who work with poultry : use of personal protective equipment and hand hygiene.
– Humoral : not important
– Cellular : TC cells and Macrophage
Avian Influenza Diagnosis
– Clinical Signs
– Virus Isolation and Characterization
– Histopathology and Immunochemistry
Anti viral drugs :
Neuraminidase inhibitors : such as Zanamivir
inhibitors of the viral M2 protein : such as Amantadine.
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