Running Head: BURNOUT 1
A clear Analysis of Nursing Burnout
Nurse burnout is a physical and mental condition where one experiences the feeling of feeling extra tired. Sometimes it can be viewed in both an emotional in both mental and physical exhaustion. It is known as the leading factor of distress among the personnel in the medical profession. it has gone so viral in such a way that the World Health Organization has recently officially announced that burnout as an official medical diagnosis.
It should also be noted that nursing is one of the most demanding professions worldwide and noticing in mind the fact that there is a shortage of nursing schools which have led to a growing gap between supply and demand. As a result of this gap which grows bigger and bigger every day with more work which they can handle (MarÃa del Carmen, & del Mar Molero-Jurado, 2018).
A research that was done in 2017 by RN Networks on nursing burnout. This research was able to get an audience of about 600 nurse professionals, the finding from this study was that about 300 out the 600 interviewed professionals determined that almost they were considering leaving the nursing field. The main reason for the type move is being swamped with paperwork and an overall lack of job satisfaction. As the research was going, on it came to our attention that some of the skilled nurses had already left the industry increasing the gap between supply and demand of medical skilled labor (Todaro-Franceschi, 2019).
According to a paper written by BMC family practice nurses 2018(BMC Fam Pract 19,
59,2018), one key factor was associated with burnout syndrome is the hospital service in which
nurses work, the tasks performed, and the role played by the healthcare staff, as well as the type
of patients treated, which all vary according to the type of service provided, and this difference
could influence the development of the syndrome. For example, nurses working in oncology,
accident and emergency units or intensive care, due to their different daily tasks, are likely to
experience different levels and prevalence rates of burnout. Primary healthcare units differ in
many respects from the attention provided in hospital units, in that preventive and remedial
treatment is provided for chronic diseases, to pre-assigned groups of patients. Primary healthcare
is provided in the community itself and may take place over a prolonged period. By contrast, in
the hospital environment the medical treatment is of a shorter-term nature, and there is greater
variability among the patients. Although burnout and its risk factors in nursing primary care
professionals, such as age, job seniority, anxiety, and depression, have been studied previously,
the prevalence results reported by the studies vary widely, with some authors reporting a high EE
so, it is difficult to ascertain the real impact of burnout syndrome on primary healthcare nurses.
Not much previous meta-analysis has been undertaken to address this question, as has been done
in the case of nurses working in services such as Accident & Emergency or oncology.
Some uncommon causes of nursing burnout are more personality-based than a general cause, such as the job environment. Nurses must work with others in a very collaborative fashion. Freedom in the working environment can be a very big cause that may lead to constant unnecessary pressure than can lead to mental exhaustion and even mental damage. A study that was done in 2014 from the University of Akron concluded that those nurses who enters the medical industry with high expectation of helping other are more vulnerable to burnout, this is because they find that they have not achieved their ultimate goal. They take it as a personal failure (MarÃa del Carmen, & del Mar Molero-Jurado, 2018).
Stress/burnout at work can be intertwined with several issues, such as people issues, conflict, deadlines, job pressures, mundane tasks, and being overly committed. Nursing and healthcare are a business that involve constant contact with people. Where there are people, there will be clashes in thinking, values, and beliefs. Nurses work with a variety of diverse types of people: different ethnic cultures, frames of reference, ages, faiths, and more. The neutrality nurses must exhibit is sometimes in itself stress-producing when conflict arises and is contrary to a nurse’s own feelings or beliefs.(Hunsaker ,S. et al 2015) Nurses regularly play the role of peacemaker in an ambiguous industry filled with extreme chaos and change.
How does one know that he or she is suffering from burnout? Similarly, burnout can manifest in a variety of ways. Most of the medical experts say that it is extremely difficult in the determination of whether a nurse is experiencing burnout or not. It should be noted that individuals may experience different signs and symptoms depending on the level of burnout.
The best way to fight burnout is to first recognize the main causes and try to reduce them (Todaro-Franceschi, 2019). Nurse burnout symptoms can manifest as irritability, being intolerant to change, and lastly as exhaustion. Secondly, it is paramount to recognize its sign and symptoms early and take them seriously. Below are some practice tools that have been used to help nurses with burnout.
Learn to recognize the early symptoms that may lead to burnout
Find a work culture that fits your professional and personal values.
Learn to value taking time to care for yourself.
Know your mental, emotional, physical, and spiritual triggers before you hit your limit.
Organizations and individuals must share responsibility for the consequences of stress, fatigue, and burnout. The responsibility for organizational stress lies solely within healthcare entities. The leaders in healthcare need to become adept at assessing their own organizations relative to the potential for stress, fatigue, and burnout for themselves and for their workforce. Changes to current practice, role responsibilities, organizational design, and workload must be carefully planned. Healthcare personnel need to be passionate about and feel energized from their work.
Enjoying the profession comes with both pros and cons but healthcare personnel must learn to put more efforts into relaxation techniques that have been shown to help. (MarÃa del Carmen, & del Mar Molero-Jurado, 2018).
Ethical/Legal /Political Implications
A critical assessment of nurse burnout demonstrates the likelihood of issues at the workplace. Through burnout, nurses are not able to function at their full capacity implying issues with effective communication and collaboration thereby affecting the quality of care provided (). Therefore, it becomes a major concern to assess how nurse burnout contributes to ethical and legal issues in the workplace. Wlodarczyk and Lazarawicz (2011) expressed that continued exposure to burnout increases the risk of workplace conflicts not only between nurses themselves, but also with their patients. Such an observation intensifies the need to understand the overall effect of burnout on professionalism among nurses. Mudallal et al. (2017) expressed that shortage of health care workers in hospital has only exacerbated the risk of ethical and legal issues. For instance, with only a small number of highly skilled nurses, patient care cannot be monitored at all times thereby undermining their recovery. A patient could be exposed to various events such as healthcare acquired infections (HAIs) which are likely to prove to be a burden on their finances, as well as overall wellbeing (Fang, 2017). In such a case, the patient could decide to sue a nurse of their organization for negligence and unprofessional conduct. The accusation could be that the nurses have not shown respect for human dignity or shown primacy of patients’ interests as is consistent with the code of ethics (American Nurses Association, 2014). With regard to political implications, the issue of burnout extends toward the impact of health policy toward ensuring hospitals are well-equipped with resources, both human and non-human. The idea would be to ensure that an approach is put in place which focuses on promoting access to needed resources and flexibility for those in the nursing profession (Mudallal et al., 2017). For instance, sufficient pay for nurses could attract individuals to this profession thereby allowing effective delivery of care services.
American Nurses Association. (2014). The code of ethics for nurses. Retrieved from https://homecaremissouri.org/mahc/documents/CodeofEthicswInterpretiveStatements20141.pdf
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Fang, Y. (2017). Burnout and work-family conflict among nurses during the preparation for reevaluation of a grade a tertiary hospital. Chinese Nursing Research, 4(1), 51-55. https://doi.org/10.25164/cnr201701010
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