Identify and explain four of Bass’ factors associated with transformational. Give examples from your own experiences or observations that illustrate the use of two of these factors. Contrast the expectations of transactional and transformational leaders.
Week Four Lecture
Transformational Leadership: What does this mean to each of you? Do you know anyone that you would consider a transformational leader? Is this a style that you would consider your own leadership to fall under? There are several definitions out there on what a transformational leader would be.
According to Ozzaralli (2003), “leaders who create a dynamic organizational vision that often necessitates a culture of values to reflect greater innovation” (p. 337).
According to Rouche (1989), another definition would be “transformational leadership in terms of the ability of a leader to influence the values, attitudes, beliefs and behaviors or others by working with and through them in order to accomplish the organization’s mission and purpose” (Sasiadek, 2006, p. 37-38).
Lastly as determined by Byham and Cox (1994), “transformational leadership behaviors are related positively to several important organizational outcomes, including perceived extra effort, organizational citizenship behaviors and job satisfaction” (Sasiadek, 2006, p. 39).
As you can see there are many definitions of transformational leadership. One of the basic elements here is that these are dynamic leaders that go beyond just leading, but actually share their values and beliefs and help others to be a part of something great that will lead to the outcome desired. Who can you think of that would be a transformational leader? Some that come to mind are Oprah Winfrey, President Ronald Reagan and Bill Gates.
Below is a video on a Transformational Leader. As you watch this, see if you can identify the elements that set Oprah apart from the other leadership styles discussed in our readings this week.
Oprah Winfrey- A Transformational Leader (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (http://youtu.be/9zDMoj7D3b8)
Servant Leadership: Can anyone be a servant leadership? Do you have to be in a leadership role to be a servant leader? This is a leader that gives everything they have to serve the greater good. Who can you think of that fit this type of leadership style? How about Jesus Christ, Harriet Tubman and Abraham Lincoln.
According to Ramsey (2003) and Sasiadek (2006), there are ten ways to accomplish servant leadership. They are as follows:
1. Get to know every employee as a unique human being. Know their names, something about their families, their lives, their interests and what makes them individual.
2. Manage, while walking around, to see what needs to be done in order for employees to have higher productivity. This is not to catch them doing something wrong, but more or less a reinforce.
3. Practice open management; keep employees fully informed. Tell the truth and nothing but the truth.
4. Model productive behavior. Lead by influence.
5. Make empowerment more than a cliché. Delegate real decision making authority.
6. To be a teacher, mentor, coach and cheerleader.
7. Buffer employees from undue pressure, distractions, or interruptions.
8. Give employees many choices and second chances.
9. Provide growth opportunities for all employees.
10. Become a prospector for resource. Find a way to get whatever your work needs to succeed (Sasiadek, 2006, p. 36).
Below are two videos that will also help illustrate servant leadership. The first one is a really interesting one that many will be able to relate to. See what you think and if you are able to connect the first one on the list above to this video.
Tony Robbins: Being a Powerful Leader = Being a Powerful Servant (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (http://youtu.be/-MOxMSAg5O0)
Authentic Leadership Profile – Gandhi (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (http://youtu.be/HChw11UUJEQ)
Authentic Leadership: Authentic leadership is one that is very interesting and yet very confusing. There are several areas between the servant leadership that cross over into authentic leadership. For example; one of the videos below describes Gandhi as an authentic leader, yet his style of leadership was certainly that of a servant leader. So how can we distinguish the difference between the two?
According to Nayab (2010), “the major difference between servant leadership and authentic leadership lies in approach, application and style” (para. 1).
The core principle of servant leadership is to give priority to the interest of others. The primary duty of the leader is to serve others by fulfilling their needs, aspirations, and desires. Authentic leadership, on the other hand, does not encourage the leader to be too responsive to the desires of others. Going overboard to meet the desires of each individual creates problems such as:
· Organizational goals suffering due to competing interests
· Danger of deviating from course of action
· Leader not making difficult decisions due to fear of offending (Nayab, 2010, para. 12).
A great article that discusses the difference between servant leadership and authentic leadership can be found below:
Servant Leadership vs. Authentic Leadership: What are the Differences? (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (http://www.brighthub.com/office/home/articles/73574.aspx)
Authentic Leadership Video (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (http://youtu.be/RRIkPcI8v7A)
Team Leadership: Our final chapter this week focuses on team leadership. According to our textbook, team leadership is the driving force of team effectiveness (Northouse, 2013). Please take a few minutes to review the Hill’s Model for Team Leadership illustration in the required text.
Below is an interesting article on team leadership that really adds to the value of this chapter.
6 Ways Successful Teams are Built to Last (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (http://www.forbes.com/sites/glennllopis/2012/10/01/6-ways-successful-teams-are-built-to-last/)
Below are two more videos on Team Leadership.
Team Leadership (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (http://youtu.be/A3s4aCAane4)
Video Review for the The Five Dysfunctions of a Team: A Leadership Fable by Patrick Lencioni (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (http://youtu.be/509V7Z9OUQA)
Forbes School of Business Faculty
Akbarzadeh, K. [Kemran Akbarzadeh] (2012, January 25). Authentic leadership video (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.[Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/RRIkPcI8v7A
Byham, W., & Cox, J. (1994). Heroz: Empower yourself, your coworkers, your company. New York: Random House
Callibrain (2013, February 5). Video review for the five dysfunctions of a team: a leadership fable by Patrick Lencioni (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. [Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/509V7Z9OUQA
Jennerz41 (2011, February 5). Oprah Winfrey- a transformational leader (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. [Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/9zDMoj7D3b8
Nayab, N. (2010, June 8). Servant leadership vs. authentic leadership: What are the differences? (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. Retrieved from http://www.brighthub.com/office/home/articles/73574.aspx
Nikkijlow (2010, February 6). Authentic leadership profile – Gandhi (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. [Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/HChw11UUJEQ
Ozzaralli, N. (2003). Effects of transformational leadership on empowerment and effectiveness. Leadership and Organizational Development Journal, 24(5/6), 335-344.
Robbins, Tony [Tony Robbins] (2013, January 28). Tony Robbins: Being a powerful leader = Being a powerful servant (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. [Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/-MOxMSAg5O0
Sasiadek, S. (2006). Individual influence factors that impact employee empowerment: A multicase study. Ann Arbor, MI. Retrieved from the ProQuest database.
tmsvideosonline (2012). Team leadership (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. [Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/A3s4aCAane4
Northouse, P. (2013). Leadership theory and practice (6th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. ISBN: 9781452203409.
It is highly recommended that you read the following articles to gain a better understanding of leadership (Retrieved from the ProQuest database):
Authenticity and effective leadership: Getting the focus right. (2006, July). (2006, July). Strategic Direction, 22(7), 18.
Hobson, C.J., Strupeck, D., & Szostek, J. (2010, April). A behavioral roles approach to assessing and improving the team leadership capabilities of managers. International Journal of Management, 27(1), 3-15.
Hummett, P. (2008). The paradox of gifted leadership: Developing the generation of leaders. Industrial and Commercial Training, 40(1), 3-9.
Li, C., & Hung, C. (2009). The influence of transformational leadership on workplace relationships and job performance. Social Behavior and Personality, 37(8), 1129-1142.