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Running head: MOVIE CRITIQUE 1


Movie Critique

Alphonso Scott

University of Houston

Movie Critique; Gung Ho (1986) R

Movies are created to evoke our emotions on things unseen in our society, the director can be influenced by what is happening in their surrounding or even something that had affected their lives. Some movies are humorous, some are comedy like and tragic while some are real-life stories. Gung Ho 1986 is a comedian movie which was produced by Lowell Ganz in association with Thomas Newman. The movie illustrates how Japanese bought an American automobile firm, and it’s advertised as a clash of cultures after the Japanese reopen the automobile factory. It has some characters like Watanabe, Keaton, Soh Yamamura (Umemura, & Slater, 2017). Comment by Mike Olson: This should be a new sentence Comment by Mike Olson: Either get rid of the 1986 or put it in parentheses.

The movie Gung Ho has various topics within it that make the film full and beautiful. The movie being in a work setting, it has some topics of work-related, like for instance, Emotions at work, performance appraisal and many more of woke related. There are five serious topics that have been illustrated in the movie Gung Ho 1986. Comment by Mike Olson: “Topics related to the workplace” Comment by Mike Olson: Remove and start new sentence Comment by Mike Olson: Same as above

Performance Appraisal

Performance appraisal is that method that many companies use to monitor, workers performance and it’s being documented and evaluated. In the movie Gung Ho, the performance appraisal is based on the number of the cars, the workers make per month, Assan motors being the name of the factory that the Japanese have taken over from Americans in a small town called Pennsylvania (Daneshkohan et al, 2015).. To give a little brief about how the Japanese ended up in U.S. the factories in Pennsylvania were all shut down, and people were not on any pay slip which was a gradual development on poverty or even downfall of the town. Michael Keaton, being one of the former foremen in a certain company, travels to Tokyo, to request if they can reopen the automobile plant. He did this to save the town. His proposal was accepted, and Japanese moved to the U.S. Comment by Mike Olson: “a method” Comment by Mike Olson: Avoid using contractions Comment by Mike Olson: Japanese what? Should clarify who they are, businessmen, executives, etc. Comment by Mike Olson: Like above, clarify who this is

When the Japanese arrived in the U.S, they took advantage of the jobless situation in Pennsylvania, which they started imposing some difficult duties on the workers. The worker appraisal was brought by Gede Wannabes and Keaton, who was working as a mediator between Japanese and workers. Keaton told wannabe, that when 15000 cars are made per month then his people will receive salary increment and jobless workers would be employed. The failure to achieve this goal even with one car, then nothing will happen (Daneshkohan et al, 2015). Comment by Mike Olson: Capitalize this Comment by Mike Olson: Get rid of the comma Comment by Mike Olson: “15,000” Comment by Mike Olson: “If they fail to…”

Kaeton assembles the workers about this, and the workers complained a lot of work under short period which will subject them to work under pressure. Kaeton was forced to lie of at least 13000 a slight move will be given, which never happen and the worker went to go-slows. The Gung Ho performance appraisal was like a dictatorship or taking advantage of the people of Pennsylvania. This topic was well addressed in this movie because it was all about workplace and factory where performance appraisal is applied. Comment by Mike Olson: “13,000” Comment by Mike Olson: “never happens” Comment by Mike Olson: Would flow better if you eliminate this part Comment by Mike Olson: Needs a bit more discussion than this

Employee Training

Employee training involves, guiding the employee to do the right thing according to what is supposed to be done. For instance, in the movie Gung Ho 1986, employee training is all about the morning practices, that the workers attend the assembly. This kind of training makes the workers wonder but it boosts their manpower in terms of energy. The training involves the performance appraisal that is put into place. Working under pressure within a month to produce 15000 cars, gives a speed work experience. The workers are trained to work on time, although in the movie, the training comes up a form of punishment to the workers. Some advantage is taken due to work desperation in the setting of the movie. Though training should be involving and kind of enjoyable, people of Pennsylvania feels that they are under pressure yet they are in their own country. The topic would have come up clearly when the setting was performed in Tokyo and not in America where it feels bad to be mistreated in one’s country. This performance according to I/O psychology it’s degrading the personality of the worker hence results to rebel from work. Comment by Mike Olson: No comma Comment by Mike Olson: Get rid of this Comment by Mike Olson: No comma Comment by Mike Olson: 15,000 Comment by Mike Olson: Needs more discussion Comment by Mike Olson: It is

Employee Motivation

Motivation is simply the internal and external factor that stimulates people’s actions or interest in doing something. It’s the reason why people do something. Employee motivation is the actions put in place by the organization to increase the worker’s interest in their jobs. Gung Ho is one of the movies that have shown clearly the employee motivation as one of its major topics. The fact that workers were having morning motivational huddles was enough for the workers to come early to work. The failure to attend to morning groups would have resulted in lack of proper plan throughout the day, this was because, and the daily activities were being discussed in the motivational huddles in groups. Workers got more interested in work at Assan motors because they would plan their own duties, without being followed by the executive (Daneshkohan et al, 2015). Comment by Mike Olson: delete Comment by Mike Olson: it is Comment by Mike Olson: “Gung Ho shows…” Comment by Mike Olson: delete Comment by Mike Olson: delete

Andy and Peggy were transformational leaders who would talk to workers about what was expected and tell them on how to put charts on walls to remind them of time frame needed to achieve a certain goal. These two seniors boosted the morale of the workers. Giving workers a reason to come to work on time and not lazing around knowing there is a goal to be achieved within the specific time frame. Comment by Mike Olson: explain what this is

The leadership of Gung Ho was that of delegation. It was not a must that only seniors could do a given job, but instead, when one was busy, a junior could be appointed to do the same work under training. This helped the workers to gain self-esteem on their duties. Delegation chases away the feeling of `am just a junior`, workers and employers were one and this according to I/O psychology, it boosts morale and affection to work. Comment by Mike Olson: positive affect?

Emotions at Work

Emotions are feelings that result from our surrounding, it’s either caused by people we associate with or the situation we are in. in Gung Ho, the Japanese and Americans have different emotions working together, yet they are from different cultures. It’s very difficult to bring people from two different countries to work together, without proper training on how to positively relate. Americans are taken by breath when they see Japanese using chopsticks to eat and even just take a bath in the river near the factory. They feel this is extraordinary for them and it gives them some weird feelings towards Japanese. They see them stoop very low to be in the open-air bathrooms. This feeling of cultural differences brings some difficulties at work because they cannot speak one language or even receive orders because they feel the difference (Gatrell, Bingley, & Milligan, 2016). Comment by Mike Olson: It is

Though the Americans had such emotions and Japanese could not realize, Oishi and Hunt went ahead and made the agreement of making 15000 cars per month. This agreement was not well received by the American workers. This leads to the commotion at work due to mixed feelings which later led to workers strike. It was hard to bring them back to work because the workers felt discriminated in their own country. Such strong emotions can lead to the decline of the plant. Japanese being on the steering head of the Assan motors, also felt disrespected and betrayed by the local. They wanted to close the factory and live to their country, but the mayor of the town tried to talk to the workers, by explaining how the town would die if the Assan motors are brought down. The mayor wanted to punish Kaeton but was stopped by one of the citizens. Comment by Mike Olson: 15,000

The workers cooled down and decided to go back to work. They wanted to save their town from experiencing economic dwarfism. Gender discrimination was one of the reasons different emotions were seen, for example in motivational huddles no woman was seen in any group. As a result of women being seen in other bigger ranks, like Peggy being in a transformational leader. This made the superiority complex of men be abused and they felt underrated compared to those they felt were so inferior. At a point, these emotions made men not to work diligently as needed. According to i/o psychology, the training of the American workers and Japanese were supposed to be trained on how to relate and accept each other’s culture before brought together to work. the performance of this topic would have been done by benchmarking in two countries before relocating (Gatrell, Bingley, & Milligan, 2016). Comment by Mike Olson: capitalize

Abuse of Power

Abuse of power simply means the misuse of authority given or the usage of your position for personal gain. In Gung Ho movie, Kazuhiro, who has been a failure in his career, is given a chance to manage Assan motors. This was done to help him redeem his personality as career personnel. He met with Hunt when he was on the ribbon of shame, but when he was given the opportunity to govern the automobile plant in America; he tried to replenish his name. People thought he would give Hunt a bigger position but instead, he gave him, a chance of mediating between the American workers and the Japanese. Hunt and Kaz used their positions to achieve factory’s success. They did by trying to make members work under pressure to achieve certain goals. This they imposed a condition of no return, they did not listen to what the workers were saying instead, they felt seniors have it. Being in power doesn`t mean that to misuse your juniors but rather treat them with contempt. This decision of Hunt and Kaz led to striking which almost made the factory to close down (Zernig, & Hiemke, 2017). Comment by Mike Olson: should cite textbook or other source Comment by Mike Olson: delete

After the strike of the workers, the mayor tied to use his position to manipulate Hunt, without the questioning of how everything started. Abuse of power is seen in many areas in the movie, especially when Michael Keaton was sent to Japan to request for the reopening of the automobile plant which was failing. The Japanese government took power and took the advantage of the small town workers, thinking they were desperate for jobs. They imposed some conditions just for their own benefits; the executive was being led by Japanese without a single American in the higher rank. This was bad and yet Americans gave them the idea.

According to i/o psychology, abuse of power in an organization is a direct ticket to its downfall, the better thing to do in power is to be a servant not that other people are put to work as donkeys yet you pay them peanuts. Authority is not a channel to revenge but to train others to take your place in future. The performance of this movie on abuse of power is such an educative part for those in power. Treat people equally even if your juniors are from different culture, power is sweeter when well managed by the holder (Zernig, & Hiemke, 2017). Comment by Mike Olson: capitalize Comment by Mike Olson: find a less casual way to express this idea


Gung Ho is a movie played from a small town called Pennsylvania, where the companies that supply job in the better part of town are closed for almost nine months. Michael Keaton, being one the former foremen, travels to Tokyo to ask the Assan motors to reopen the company. Japanese accepts his proposal and came to the U.S. on reaching the country, they took advantage of the desperate situation in town, they start changing everything and even paying the workers low wages, they were being moved from one place to the other to be taught on how to work, they not allowed on the union. The difference in their culture brings, chaos in the workplace, Americans find it funny how Japanese eat their lunch using chopsticks and even bathing together in the river. Due to this the workers display poor work ethics and give bad attitude towards the supervision. Kaz and Hunt met first when Kaz had a ribbon of shame due to his failure in career, Kaz was given an opportunity to build up his name again, and therefore he was given the plant to manage as a supervisor (Umemura, & Slater, 2017).

He turned to be a strict supervisor when people thought he would give Hunt a better position in the plant, instead he gave him a chance to be a mediator between workers and Japanese executive. Kaz told Hunt to try and talk to workers to obey new rules.

They made a deal to solve the problem of which, the 15000 cars were to be made within one month then an increment of salary and job are given to the jobless was the deal. Failure to deliver 15000 cars in a month means nothing would happen. Hunt went and assembled the workers of which they disagreed, the hunt was forced to lie which later the truth was discovered leading to the strike. The dialogue was made then workers resume work with conditions of being treated well. Just as any other Hollywood movie they worked together to the success of the factory and the movie ended with mutual understanding with people from different cultures working together, for the benefits of each other (Umemura, & Slater, 2017).


It’s a hell of work to put people of different origin, to work together without proper training. The fiction Gung-ho, which has Chinese taste but has an American meaning working together, has proved that people can still work under one influence, when there is mutual understanding, among the people. Gung Ho is one must watch the movie to that person who has no guts to accept change. This has indeed proven that change is inevitable. Comment by Mike Olson: too casual


Daneshkohan, A., Zarei, E., Mansouri, T., Maajani, K., Ghasemi, M. S., & Rezaeian, M. (2015). Factors affecting job motivation among health workers: a study from Iran. Global journal of health science, 7(3), 153. Comment by Mike Olson: use hanging indent on references

Gatrell, A., Bingley, A., & Milligan, C. (2016). ‘Healing and Feeling’: The Place of Emotions in Later Life. In Emotional Geographies (pp. 63-76). Routledge.

Umemura, M., & Slater, S. (2017). Reaching for global in the Japanese cosmetics industry, 1951 to 2015: the case of Shiseido. Business History, 59(6), 877-903.

Zernig, G., & Hiemke, C. (2017). Making the Case for ‘Power

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