This week you have learned about moral realism or the view that there are objective, universal moral facts, and principles that are valid for all people, at all times. It’s been suggested that one such universal moral principle is:
“It is morally wrong to harm someone for the fun of it.”
Take a moment to carefully consider the entire statement. Is there any circumstance in which you could imagine it being morally acceptable for you or anyone else to violate this principle? Can you think of any other objective moral principle that disproves that moral objectivism is correct?
If you accept that objective moral principles exist, how do we determine what those moral principles are? Keep in mind that these are principles that apply to everyone, everywhere. This is a difficult question, and itâ€™s the focus of many of the major ethical theories that we have discussed thus far including Ethical Egoism, Utilitarianism, and Deontology.
please use this book as reference
Waller, B. N. (2011). Consider Ethics: Theory, readings, and contemporary issues. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.