This socialization occurs in a patriarchal healthcare system that still remains predominantly male physician-based. Discuss the impact, you believe, this has on socialization to the nursing role.
WEEK 5 – DQ1: Professional socialization relates to the manner in which we learn the roles and functions of being a nurse once we enter the healthcare system. What are some of the ways this socialization occurs in your place of employment, and do you believe it leads to effective assumption of the nursing role? This socialization occurs in a patriarchal healthcare system that still remains predominantly male physician-based. Discuss the impact, you believe, this has on socialization to the nursing role.
THIS IS THE CHAPTER THAT WE USE THIS WEEK FROM OUR BOOK:
The reference of our book is:
Butts, J. B., & Rich, K. L. (2011). Philosophies and theories for advanced nursing practice (2nd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett. Retrieved from: https://digitalbookshelf.southuniversity.edu/#/books/9781284058543/cfi/6/4!/4/2/40:18.0
Models and Theories Focused on a Systems Approach
Nursing professionals use theories in their practice to describe, explain, predict, and prescribe. The development and use of theories also is a way to generate and disseminate new knowledge in nursing. The application of nursing theory in practice depends on nurses? knowledge of theories, as well as their understanding of how philosophies, models, and theories relate to one another (Alligood, 2002). Using conceptual models as an overarching model for practice, research, education, and administration keeps nursing theory at the forefront of the profession and, ideally, leads advanced practice nurses (APNs) to become proficient in testing and generating theory. With the use of conceptual models and theory in clinical practice, nurses create new ways of thinking and introduce new and expanded ways of delivering health care.
This chapter focuses on three conceptual nursing models that are all based on the systems perspective?the Roy adaptation model, King?s conceptual system, and the Neuman systems model. Systems science is an interdisciplinary field of physical, chemical, and psychological structures for nature and society. A system can be a single organism, an object, an organization, or a society.
General Systems Theory
General systems theory grew from thermodynamics?a branch of physics, chemistry, and engineering. This theory is grounded in the premise that the world is composed of systems that are interconnected and influenced by one another. The two main assumptions of this theory are as follows: (1) energy is needed to maintain an organizational state and (2) a dysfunction in one system has an effect on other systems (Boulding, 1956). The origin of systems theory dates back at least to the 1920s, when theorists sought to explain the interrelatedness of organisms in ecosystems. In 1928, the biologist Ludwig von Bertalanffy became the first person to propose that a system is characterized by the interactions of its components and that the interactions are nonlinear. It was not until 1951, however, that von Bertalanffy extended the theory to include biological systems (McNeill & Freiberger, 1994). In 1968, he published the influential book General System Theory.
It might be said that Florence Nightingale introduced systems theory in nursing when she stated that nursing laws would be defined (Riehl & Roy, 1974). King (1964) presented the foundation for the general systems framework in her article titled ?Nursing Theory: Problems and Prospect.? It was not until 1970, however, that Roy implemented her systems model?known as the Roy adaptation model?as the basis of a nursing curriculum at Mount St. Mary?s College in Los Angeles, California (Roy, 2009). Neuman introduced the Neuman systems model in 1970 at the University of California, Los Angeles, and in 1972 Neuman and Young published an article about the model.
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