The plural of villus (hair) is ____________ whereas the plural of diagnosis is ____________ villuses, diagnosises

The plural of villus (hair) is ____________ whereas the plural of diagnosis is ____________

villuses, diagnosises.

villi, diagnoses.

villus, diagnosis.

villi, diagnosis.

villuses, diagnosis.

2.Three common components of a feedback loop are

a stimulus, an integrating (control) center, and an organ system.

a stimulus, a receptor, and an integrating (control) center.

a receptor, an integrating (control) center, and an effector.

a receptor, an organ, and an organ system.

a receptor, an integrating (control) center, and an organ system.

3. The ____________ is defined as a healthy male 22 years old, weighing 70 kg (154 lb), under no environmental stress, and consuming 2,800 kilocalories (kcal) per day; whereas the ________ is the same except for a weight of 58 kg (128 lb) and an intake of 2,000 kcal/day.

normal man, normal woman

normal male, normal female

average man, average woman

average male, average woman

reference man, reference woman

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4. Stereoscopic vision provides

opposable perception.

color perception.

depth perception.


walking upright.

5. The constant appearance of new strains of influenza virus is an example of

a model.


selection pressure.



6. _____________ is the view that not everything about an organism can be understood or predicted from the knowledge of its components; that is, the whole is greater than the sum of its parts.






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7. Most primates are ________________, meaning they live in trees.






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8. The terms physics, physiology, and physician come from a term that ___ proposed to distinguish natural causes from supernatural causes.






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9. The lexicon of standard international anatomical terms

is called Terminologia Anatomica (TA).

is called Nomina Anatomica (NA).

is formed from thousands of English word roots.

is formed from thousands of Italian word roots.

is formed from thousands of French word roots.

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10. Hypercalcemia means

elevated calcium levels in blood.

lowered calcium levels in bone.

elevated sodium levels in blood.

elevated calcium levels in bone.

lowered calcium levels in the blood.

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11. ___________________ was the first to publish accurate drawings of the body, and is thus regarded as “the father of modern anatomy.”





van Leeuwenhoek

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12. Feeling structures with your fingertips is called _________, whereas tapping on the body and listening for sounds of abnormalities is called ____________

palpation; auscultation.

auscultation; percussion.

percussion; auscultation.

palpation; percussion.

percussion; palpation.

13. The principal theory of how evolution works is called

natural pressure.

selective pressure.

darwinian pressure.

natural adaptation.

natural selection.

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14. Which of the following was an adaptation evolved in connection with human upright walking?


thumbs fully opposable

stereoscopic vision

color vision

spinal and pelvic anatomy

15. The process of using numerous observations to develop general principles and predictions about a specific subject is called

experimental design.

deductive method.

inductive method.


statistical testing.

16. Which of the following lists levels of human structure from the most complex to the simplest?

organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system

organ system, organ, cell, tissue, organelle

organ system, organelle, tissue, cell, organ

organ system, organ, tissue, cell, organelle

organ, organ system, tissue, cell, organelle

17. Taking apart a clock to see how it works is similar to ____________ thinking about human physiology.






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18. Which of the following lists examples of body structures from the simplest to the most complex?

mitochondrion, connective tissue, protein, stomach, adipocyte (fat cell)

protein, mitochondrion, adipocyte (fat cell), connective tissue, stomach

mitochondrion, connective tissue, stomach, protein, adipocyte (fat cell)

protein, adipocyte (fat cell), stomach, connective tissue, mitochondrion

protein, stomach, connective tissue, adipocyte (fat cell), mitochondrion

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19. Negative feedback loops are


not homeostatic.

associated with “vicious circles.”

self-amplifying cycles.


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20. Humans are born before their nervous system have matured, which is traceable to

their inability to regulate body temperature.

skeletal adaptations to bipedalism.

the arboreal habits of early primates.

the conditions of modern civilization.

the diet of early species of Homo.

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